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MANUAL ENCUMBRANCE CERTIFICATE

2018-08-02 11:25:26
MANUAL ENCUMBRANCE CERTIFICATE

Encumbrance Certificate is one in every of the foremost very important documents once getting a property. If you're a vendee or getting ready to perform a transfer of property, reading regarding EC is important in guaranteeing a swish and legal proceeding fee transaction.

What is an encumbrance certificate (EC)?

The encumbrance certificate provides details of all financial and legal liabilities for a selected property and amount of your time. It's the primary source of knowledge which may ascertain that the property has a free title with no loan liabilities which the property title are often safely transferred to the customer. This document is maintained by the registration department and therefore the best purpose of the contact is that the Sub Registrar office (SRO). This document provides a bird’s eye read of the status of the property. Though this doesn't offer an entire scope of legal possession for the property, it's the primary step once a property is being analyzed for the clear and free title.

What to expect in an encumbrance certificate?

The encumbrance certificate may be a list of transactions concerning a property and contains all details of possession, mortgages and transfers. The {period| the amount} of Encumbrance Certificate is significant to seek out the flow of title and verify possession over a period of your time. Most of the nationalized banks enforce providing associate degree Encumbrance Certificate for 15 to 30 years. The Encumbrance Certificate typically is typically sometimes} maintained in electronic kind for the more modern period and it's usually faster to get Encumbrance Certificate for the newer amount. If the property has only a few transactions, it's very important to induce Encumbrance Certificate for the abundant older period and this might involve periods that have manual Encumbrance Certificate (non-electronic EC). It would typically take around ten to thirty days to get manual Encumbrance Certificate counting on the sub-registrar office and placement.

Need for an Encumbrance certificate?

The Encumbrance Certificate may be an obligatory demand once obtaining a home loan. It's conjointly very important to get encumbrance certificate before buying a property. It's customary to verify the title transfer within the encumbrance certificate with the mother or parent document. It's effective if a minimum of the last 10 transactions or 30 years (whichever is a lot of suitable) of transactions area unit scrutinized. The continuity of parent document should match the main points present in the encumbrance certificate and any mortgages should be clearly paid off. If proof of mortgage payment or no due certificate is absent, the buyer should acquire it from the vendor.

What to check in an Encumbrance Certificate?

1.      Verify that no mortgages are remaining and every one loan are paid back.

2.      Verify continuity of title transfer and if any separation is present, get legal clearance on such unregistered transfers. Unregistered wills and oral title transfers don't seem to be recorded on encumbrance certificate and such transactions should be rigorously scrutinized. The dearth of continuity in possession is the 1st sign to observe for.

3.      Many states have begun to give free encumbrance certificate. If such a possibility is out there, you may verify encumbrance certificate to form positive that fraudulent transactions don't seem to be performed on your property. The cases of fraudulent sale deed registrations became common in urban cities because of rising land costs. It is important to get an encumbrance certificate sure from time to time to verify clear title. Double registrations will be avoided if encumbrance certificate is monitored by the landowner.

4.      Once each dealing, it's important to visualize the encumbrance certificate to make sure that the main points of the dealings are enclosed within the encumbrance certificate.

A simple case study to prove the chance of judicial proceeding once the encumbrance certificate isn't verified once a buying deal or transaction:

A person ‘X’ bought a land at OU teacher’s colony within the year 1983. This land was gifted and precious to the owner’s son ‘Y’ in 1993. The gift deed was punctually registered however the encumbrance certificate wasn't verified after the registration. The person ‘X’ oversubscribed the property to an individual ‘A’ in 1995 though it absolutely was earlier gifted. The person ‘A’ failed to see the gift deed and since it absolutely was not enclosed in encumbrance certificate, he purchased it. In 2012, person ‘Y’, who believed that he was the rightful owner by a manner of gift deed, oversubscribed the land to a builder. The builder checked encumbrance certificate before buying and detected that the last dealings enclosed the gift deed (which should have been enclosed later once the SRO fastened the issue) however failed to embrace the sale transaction in 1995. Since the gift deed wasn't enclosed in 1995, the dealings of the sale weren't enclosed properly. The property currently suffers from double registration. This issue may are prevented if person ‘Y’ had verified the small print in encumbrance certificate when the gift deed was registered.

Another case relates to consumers of a collection of flats who failed to check the encumbrance certificate before buying the flat or apartment from a city builder. Most flat buyers fail to visualize the encumbrance certificate before booking their flat. This became a risky disaster for residents of associate degree flat in Kochi. The builder obtained a loan on a property and later made residences and sold-out them to unsuspecting buyers. The residents received a letter from the bank for non-payment of bank dues. Once the flat house owners inquired, they found that the builder had obtained a loan and later became bankrupt.

How to get an Encumbrance Certificate?

         To acquire encumbrance certificate, you wish to submit form No. 22 (application for EC).

         You need to affix Rs two non-judicial stamp on the appliance.

         You ought to offer complete residential address and also the purpose that the certificate is needed.

         You need to offer the survey variety and place wherever the property is found. It's necessary to additionally mention the period (how a few years you would like EC for?), a full description of the property, measurements and limits of the property. (If you're applying for a home loan then your lender might have EC statement for ten to fifteen years.)

         Enclose copies of your ID proof and residential address proof.

         Submit the forms to the involved officer at the SRO (Sub-Registrar Office).

         You need to pay the specified fees. The fee for EC is predicated on the number of years that you'd prefer to get the EC for. Kindly note that a fraction of a year is additionally thought-about to be an entire year. (EC is issued from the start of a financial year i.e, 1st of April.

         The fee will vary from State to State. Usually, it's very nominal. The ‘search fee’ for 1styear is within the vary of Rs 15 to Rs 50 and for each further year, there is fee within the range of Rs 5 to Rs 10 (approx).

         In some states like Andhra Pradesh, you'll be able to transfer the Encumbrance certificate freed from value online. However, it's issued as a report for info functions and not as a signed certificate. However, you'll be able to realize all the specified details even in the online copy too. (Click here to go to AP Registration Dept’s website and look for e-Encumbrance Statement online).

         The time taken to urge EC statement is around 10 to 30 days.

Personally, I actually have determined that in most of the property deals, it's either the financial organization or a true real estate broker or associate agent at SRO who applies for associate EC. Most of the days, the agents charge additional quantity to induce the EC for you in 24 hours.

 

 

 

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