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Shareholder Agreement (SHA)

2017-03-31 11:13:16
Shareholder Agreement (SHA)

Key Terms & Conditions of a Shareholder Agreement

·         Parties to be defined;

·         Business activity and its scope to be outlined clearly;

·         Authorized and Paid Up capital to be defined;

·         Issuance of further capital must be through the written consent of the shareholders;

·         Rights and Obligations of the shareholders;

·         Rights of the shareholders to appoint and remove the Board of Directors. They can also appoint themselves to be the Directors;

·         Board Meetings & Shareholders’ Meetings;

·         Rights to appoint a Quoram, voice a VETO, etc;

·         Resolutions regarding the nature and business activity undertaken by the Company, taking up loans, declaration of dividends, etc. should be taken through the written consent of the Board of Directors and Shareholders only;

·         Appointment of auditors by the shareholders and their removal;

·         Shareholding Threshold for enjoyment of rights under SHA;

·         The power to sell the shares should not be over-amplified but also shouldn’t be undermined – the shareholder desiring to sell his shares should first express his desire to the other shareholders and if they are not interested, he should be allowed to sell it to any other interested party;

·         Transfer of shares and lock-in period including right of first refusal, pre-emptive rights, buy-back rights, right of first offer, etc;

·         Governing Laws and jurisdiction of competent court;

·         Non-compete and non-solicitation clause;

·         Dispute Resolution – preferably arbitration clause.

 

Statutory Law References

Indian Contract Act, 1872

The Companies Act, 2013

Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956

Depositories Act, 1996

Landmark Judgments

V. B. Rangaraj v. V.B. Gopalakrishnan, AIR 1992 SC 453

Messer Holdings Limited v. Shyam Madanmohan Ruia, [2010] 159 Comp. Case 29 (Bombay High Court)

Russell v Northern Bank Development Corporation Ltd, [1992] 1 WLR 588

 

Important Do(s) & Dont(s)

·         Lawyer consultation or online legal advice should be the preferred way of drafting a SHA.

·         Neatly draft the Articles of Association while your company’s incorporation and not just copy-paste them.

·         SHA does not bind third parties unless their affairs form part of public domain.

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